Difference between revisions of "Hamahiga no Tonfa"

From Self-Defense Karate
Jump to navigation Jump to search
 
(One intermediate revision by the same user not shown)
Line 10: Line 10:
 
[[File:Points_of_Harmony.png|center]]
 
[[File:Points_of_Harmony.png|center]]
 
#Execute a right [[Nami-ashi uke|nami-ashi]] with a [[Double punch|double]] [[Ude uke|ude uke]], creating a satisfying clap.  
 
#Execute a right [[Nami-ashi uke|nami-ashi]] with a [[Double punch|double]] [[Ude uke|ude uke]], creating a satisfying clap.  
#Step your right foot out to #8, entering a right [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #1 with a [[Double punch|double punch]] to the opponent's [[Kyūsho#Groingroin]].  
+
#Step your right foot out to #8, entering a right [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #1 with a [[Double punch|double punch]] to the opponent's [[Kyūsho#Groin|groin]].  
#Step your right foot to #7, entering a right [[Full-side-facing|full-side-facing]] to #1, with a right [[Rising block|rising block]] and a left [[Downward block|downward block]] to #7. Perform [[Ibuki|ibuki]] breathing throughout this move.
+
#Step your right foot to #7, entering a right [[Full-side-facing|full-side-facing]] to #1, with a right [[Rising block|rising block]] and a left [[Downward-fist block|downward block]] to #7. Perform [[Ibuki#Long_Ibuki|ibuki]] breathing throughout this move.
#Shift into a left [[Full-side-facing|full-side-facing]] to #1, with a left [[Rising block|rising block]] and a right [[Downward block|downward block]] to #3.  Perform [[Ibuki|ibuki]] breathing throughout this move.
+
#Shift into a left [[Full-side-facing|full-side-facing]] to #1, with a left [[Rising block|rising block]] and a right [[Downward-fist block|downward block]] to #3.  Perform [[Ibuki#Long_Ibuki|ibuki]] breathing throughout this move.
#Step your right foot to #8, entering a right [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #1 with [[Front-foot punch|front-foot]], [[Reverse punch|reverse]], and [[Front-foot punch|front-foot punches]]. Extend the right tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the right tonfa into a right [[Cross-body block|cross-body block]] to #7. Extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing at waist-level, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a right punch.  
+
#Step your right foot to #8, entering a right [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #1 with a [[Front-foot punch|front-foot]], [[Reverse punch|reverse]], and [[Front-foot punch|front-foot punches]]. Extend the right tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the right tonfa into a right [[Cross-body block|cross-body block]] to #7. Extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing at waist-level, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a right punch.  
#Step your left foot to #2, entering a left front stance facing #1 with a front-foot punch. Extend the left tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the left tonfa into a left cross-body block to #3. Extend the left tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a left punch.  
+
#Step your left foot to #2, entering a left [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #1 with a [[Front-foot punch|front-foot]] punch. Extend the left tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the left tonfa into a left [[Cross-body block|cross-body block]] to #3. Extend the left tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a left punch.  
#Step your right foot to #8, entering a right front stance facing #1 with a downward [[X-block]].  
+
#Step your right foot to #8, entering a right [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #1 with a downward [[X-block]].  
 
#Extend the tonfa by whipping your arms out to the side, diagonally downward.  
 
#Extend the tonfa by whipping your arms out to the side, diagonally downward.  
#Retract both tonfa into cross-body blocks to #3 and #7, then execute a double downward strike. Retract both tonfa with vertical flips.
+
#Retract both tonfa into [[Cross-body block|cross-body blocks]] to #3 and #7, then execute a [[Double punch|double]] downward strike. Retract both tonfa with vertical flips.
#Quickly look to #2. Step your left foot to #3, entering a left front stance facing #2 with a left rising block. Without rechambering, execute a right punch.  
+
#Quickly look to #2. Step your left foot to #3, entering a left [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #2 with a left [[Rising block|rising block]]. Without rechambering, execute a right punch.  
#Quickly look to #8, step your right foot to #7, entering a right front stance facing #8 with a right rising block. Without rechambering, execute a left punch.  
+
#Quickly look to #8, step your right foot to #7, entering a right [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #8 with a right [[Rising block|rising block]]. Without rechambering, execute a left punch.  
#Quickly look to #1. Step your left foot to #2, entering a left front stance facing #1 with a left rising block. Execute a reverse, front-foot, and reverse punches, then extend right tonfa with a downward diagonal strike.
+
#Quickly look to #1. Step your left foot to #2, entering a left [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #1 with a left [[Rising block|rising block]]. Execute a [[Reverse punch|reverse]], [[Front-foot punch|front-foot]], and [[Reverse punch|reverse]] punches, then extend right tonfa with a downward diagonal strike.
#Step your right foot to #4, entering a right front stance facing #1, with a right downward block. a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the right tonfa into a right cross-body block to #7. Extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute front-foot, reverse, and front-foot punches.
+
#Step your right foot to #4, entering a right [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #1, with a right [[Downward-fist block|downward block]]. a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the right tonfa into a right [[Cross-body block|cross-body block]] to #7. Extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute [[Front-foot punch|front-foot]], [[Reverse punch|reverse]], and [[Front-foot punch|front-foot]] punches.
#Step your left foot to #6, entering a left front stance facing #1 with a front-foot punch. Extend the left tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the left tonfa into a left cross-body block to #7. Extend the left tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a left punch.  
+
#Step your left foot to #6, entering a left [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #1 with a [[Front-foot punch|front-foot]] punch. Extend the left tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the left tonfa into a left [[Cross-body block|cross-body block]] to #7. Extend the left tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a left punch.  
#Quickly look to #6. Step your right foot to #5, entering a right front stance facing #6 with a left downward block. Without rechambering, execute a right punch to #6.
+
#Quickly look to #6. Step your right foot to #5, entering a right [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #6 with a left [[Downward-fist block|downward block]]. Without rechambering, execute a right punch to #6.
#Quickly look to #4. Step your right foot to #3, entering a right front stance facing #4 with a right downward block. Without rechambering, execute a right punch to #4.
+
#Quickly look to #4. Step your right foot to #3, entering a right [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #4 with a right [[Downward-fist block|downward block]]. Without rechambering, execute a right punch to #4.
#Step your left foot to #6, entering a left front stance facing #5 with a left rising block. Execute reverse, front-foot, and reverse punches.
+
#Step your left foot to #6, entering a left [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #5 with a left [[Rising block|rising block]]. Execute [[Reverse punch|reverse]], [[Front-foot punch|front-foot]], and [[Reverse punch|reverse]] punches.
#Quickly look over your left shoulder to #1. Step your right foot to #6, twisting into a left front stance facing #1 with a double punch to the groin.  
+
#Quickly look over your left shoulder to #1. Step your right foot to #6, twisting into a left [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #1 with a [[Double punch|double punch]] to the [[Kyūsho#Groin|groin]].  
#Pull back into a transitional right cat stance to #1, then slide your left foot to #3. Enter a left full-side-facing with a left rising block and a right downward block to #7. Use ibuki breathing on this move.  
+
#Pull back into a [[Transitional stance|transitional]] right [[Cat_stance|cat stance]] to #1, then slide your left foot to #3. Enter a left [[Full-side-facing|full-side-facing]] with a left [[Rising block|rising block]] and a right [[Downward-fist block|downward block]] to #7. Use [[Ibuki#Long_Ibuki|ibuki]] breathing on this move.  
#Extend the right tonfa with a figure-eight swing. Shift into a left sleeping crane stance facing #1, as you whip the right tonfa down to knee-level in a vertical strike. The tonfa’s tip points to the ground.
+
#Extend the right tonfa with a figure-eight swing. Shift into a left [[Crane_stance#Sleeping_crane_stance|sleeping crane stance]] facing #1, as you whip the right tonfa down to knee-level in a vertical strike. The tonfa’s tip points to the ground.
#Step your right foot to #7, entering a horseback stance facing #1, retracting the right tonfa with a right cross-body block to #7.  
+
#Step your right foot to #7, entering a [[Horse stance|horse stance]] facing #1, retracting the right tonfa with a right [[Cross-body block|cross-body block]] to #7.  
#Shift into a left full-side-facing to #1 as you extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist. Shift into a right full-side-facing to #1 as you retract the tonfa with a return swing.  
+
#Shift into a left [[Full-side-facing|full-side-facing]] to #1 as you extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist. Shift into a right [[Full-side-facing|full-side-facing]] to #1 as you retract the tonfa with a return swing.  
#Shift into a left full-side-facing to #1 with a right punch.
+
#Shift into a left [[Full-side-facing|full-side-facing]] to #1 with a right punch.
#Shift into a right full-side-facing to #1 with a right rising block and a left downward bōck to #3, Use ibuki breathing on this move.
+
#Shift into a right [[Full-side-facing|full-side-facing]] to #1 with a right [[Rising block|rising block]] and a left [[Downward-fist block|downward block]] to #3, Use [[Ibuki#Long_Ibuki|ibuki]] breathing on this move.
#Extend the right tonfa with a figure-eight swing. Shift into a right sleeping crane stance facing #1, as you whip the left tonfa down to knee-level in a vertical strike. The tonfa’s tip points to the ground.
+
#Extend the right tonfa with a figure-eight swing. Shift into a right [[Crane_stance#Sleeping_crane_stance|sleeping crane stance]] facing #1, as you whip the left tonfa down to knee-level in a vertical strike. The tonfa’s tip points to the ground.
#Step your left foot to #3, entering a horseback stance facing #1, retracting the left tonfa with a left cross-body block to #3.  
+
#Step your left foot to #3, entering a [[Horse stance|horse stance]] facing #1, retracting the left tonfa with a left [[Cross-body block|cross-body block]] block to #3.  
#Shift into a right full-side-facing to #1 as you extend the left tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist. Shift into a left full-side-facing to #1 as you retract the tonfa with a return swing.  
+
#Shift into a right [[Full-side-facing|full-side-facing]] to #1 as you extend the left tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist. Shift into a left [[Full-side-facing|full-side-facing]] to #1 as you retract the tonfa with a return swing.  
#Shift into a right full-side-facing to #1 with a left punch.
+
#Shift into a right [[Full-side-facing|full-side-facing]] to #1 with a left punch.
#Step your right foot to #8, entering a right front stance facing #1 with front-foot, reverse, and front-foot punches. Extend the right tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the right tonfa into a right cross-body block to #7. Extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a right punch.  
+
#Step your right foot to #8, entering a right [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #1 with [[Front-foot punch|front-foot]], [[Reverse punch|reverse]], and [[Front-foot punch|front-foot]] punches. Extend the right tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the right tonfa into a right [[Cross-body block|cross-body block]] to #7. Extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a right punch.  
#Step your left foot to #2, entering a left front stance facing #1 with a front-foot punch. Extend the left tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the left tonfa into a left cross-body block to #3. Extend the left tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a left punch.  
+
#Step your left foot to #2, entering a left [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #1 with a [[Front-foot punch|front-foot]] punch. Extend the left tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the left tonfa into a left [[Cross-body block|cross-body block]] to #3. Extend the left tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a left punch.  
#Step your right foot to #8, entering a right front stance facing #1 with a double punch to the groin.  
+
#Step your right foot to #8, entering a right [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #1 with a [[Double punch|double punch]] to the groin.  
 
#Extend the tonfa by whipping your arms out to the side, diagonally downward.  
 
#Extend the tonfa by whipping your arms out to the side, diagonally downward.  
 
#Rotate your shoulders inward, slamming the flats of the tonfa together at neck level. The tonfa should be horizontal at neck level, and with a satisfying clap.  
 
#Rotate your shoulders inward, slamming the flats of the tonfa together at neck level. The tonfa should be horizontal at neck level, and with a satisfying clap.  
 
#Retract the tonfa with vertical flips, into cross-body blocks to #3 and #7.
 
#Retract the tonfa with vertical flips, into cross-body blocks to #3 and #7.
#Execute a double downward strike to the opponent’s collarbones, and then retract the tonfa with vertical flips.
+
#Execute a [[Double punch|double]] downward strike to the opponent’s collarbones, and then retract the tonfa with vertical flips.
#Quickly look over your right shoulder to #5. Step your left foot to #8, entering a left back stance facing #5, with a left rising block and a right downward block.  
+
#Quickly look over your right shoulder to #5. Step your left foot to #8, entering a left [[Back stance|back stance]] facing #5, with a left [[Rising block|rising block]] and a right [[Downward-fist block|downward block]].  
#Step your left foot to #6, entering a right back stance facing #5, with a right rising block and a left downward block.
+
#Step your left foot to #6, entering a right [[Back stance|back stance]] facing #5, with a right [[Rising block|rising block]] and a left [[Downward-fist block|downward block]].
#Step your right foot to #4, entering a right front stance facing #5 with front-foot, reverse, and front-foot punches. Extend the right tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the right tonfa into a right cross-body block to #3. Extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a right punch.  
+
#Step your right foot to #4, entering a right [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #5 with [[Front-foot punch|front-foot]], [[Reverse punch|reverse]], and [[Front-foot punch|front-foot]] punches. Extend the right tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the right tonfa into a right cross-body block to #3. Extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a right punch.  
#Quickly look over your right shoulder to #1. Step your left foot to #4, entering a left back stance facing #1, with a left rising block and a right downward block.  
+
#Quickly look over your right shoulder to #1. Step your left foot to #4, entering a left [[Back stance|back stance]] facing #1, with a left [[Rising block|rising block]] and a right [[Downward-fist block|downward block]].  
#Step your left foot to #2, entering a left front stance facing #1, with a double punch to the groin.
+
#Step your left foot to #2, entering a left [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #1, with a [[Double punch|double punch]] to the [[Kyūsho#Groin|groin]].
#Step your left foot to #3, enter a left full-side-facing with a left rising block and a right downward block to #3. Use ibuki breathing on this move.
+
#Step your left foot to #3, enter a left full-side-facing with a left [[Rising block|rising block]] and a right [[Downward-fist block|downward block]] to #3. Use [[Ibuki#Long_Ibuki|ibuki]] breathing on this move.
 
#Extend your right tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal overhead strike.
 
#Extend your right tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal overhead strike.
#Shift into a right full-side-facing to#1, as you retract the tonfa with a right cross-body block to #7.  
+
#Shift into a right [[Full-side-facing|full-side-facing]] to #1, as you retract the tonfa with a right [[Cross-body block|cross-body block]] to #7.  
#Shift into a left full-side-facing as you extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing across the waist. Shift into a right full-side-facing #1 as you retract the tonfa with a return swing.
+
#Shift into a left [[Full-side-facing|full-side-facing]] as you extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing across the waist. Shift into a right [[Full-side-facing|full-side-facing]] #1 as you retract the tonfa with a return swing.
#Shift into a left full-side-facing to #1, with a right punch.
+
#Shift into a left [[Full-side-facing|full-side-facing]] to #1, with a right punch.
#Execute a right foot block with a double ude uke, creating a satisfying clap.  
+
#Execute a right foot block with a [[Double punch|double]] [[Ude_uke|ude uke]], creating a satisfying clap.  
#Step your right foot out to #8, entering a right front stance facing #1 with a double punch to the groin.  
+
#Step your right foot out to #8, entering a right [[Front stance|front stance]] facing #1 with a [[Double punch|double punch]] to the [[Kyūsho#Groin|groin]].  
#Step your left foot to #3, and enter a ready stance. [[Attention stance]], bow.
+
#Step your left foot to #3, and enter a [[ready stance|ready stance]].  
 +
#[[Attention stance]], bow.
  
 
== Notes ==
 
== Notes ==
Line 63: Line 64:
 
Bend your wrist into the tonfa. This presses the shaft snug against your forearm, for maximum protection.  
 
Bend your wrist into the tonfa. This presses the shaft snug against your forearm, for maximum protection.  
  
When performing rising blocks, it is important that you keep your head nested in the crook of your elbow, or else the impact of the opponent’s attack will force you to hit yourself in the head with the tonfa handle. Also, keep your wrist higher than your elbow, to help wedge incoming blows to the side.  
+
When performing [[Rising block|rising blocks]], it is important that you keep your head nested in the crook of your elbow, or else the impact of the opponent’s attack will force you to hit yourself in the head with the tonfa handle. Also, keep your wrist higher than your elbow, to help [[Wedge_technique|wedge]] incoming blows to the side.  
  
 
The first movement of a series begins with three punches.  
 
The first movement of a series begins with three punches.  
Line 70: Line 71:
  
 
== Bunkai ==
 
== Bunkai ==
The bunkai of this kata are just various straightforward block-counter combinations to use against attackers armed with swords or [[Bō|bō]]. The [[Ibuki|ibuki]] breathing movements are dynamic tension exercises, like in [[Sanchin]].
+
The bunkai of this kata are just various straightforward block-counter combinations to use against attackers armed with swords or [[Bō|bō]]. The [[Ibuki#Long_Ibuki|ibuki]] breathing movements are dynamic tension exercises, like in [[Sanchin]].
 
----
 
----
 
{{Navigation}}
 
{{Navigation}}

Latest revision as of 21:56, 28 July 2020

Hamahiga no Tonfa (“The Tonfa of Hamahiga”) is one of the most popular kobudō kata; It is important to familiarize yourself with this form, since it comprises the entire tonfajutsu curriculum at most martial arts schools, and even in some dedicated kobudō dōjō,

Hamahiga is an Okinawan island where many of the surviving kobudō kata were created. The form consists of a wide variety of simple block-counter combinations, and is hallmarked by repeating a simple yet impressive-looking 8-count combination.

Since this a long and technically complex kata, it is reserved for advanced students. This kata is difficult to remember, since it contains many movements which are slight variations each other.

Directions

Points of Harmony.png
  1. Execute a right nami-ashi with a double ude uke, creating a satisfying clap.
  2. Step your right foot out to #8, entering a right front stance facing #1 with a double punch to the opponent's groin.
  3. Step your right foot to #7, entering a right full-side-facing to #1, with a right rising block and a left downward block to #7. Perform ibuki breathing throughout this move.
  4. Shift into a left full-side-facing to #1, with a left rising block and a right downward block to #3. Perform ibuki breathing throughout this move.
  5. Step your right foot to #8, entering a right front stance facing #1 with a front-foot, reverse, and front-foot punches. Extend the right tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the right tonfa into a right cross-body block to #7. Extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing at waist-level, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a right punch.
  6. Step your left foot to #2, entering a left front stance facing #1 with a front-foot punch. Extend the left tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the left tonfa into a left cross-body block to #3. Extend the left tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a left punch.
  7. Step your right foot to #8, entering a right front stance facing #1 with a downward X-block.
  8. Extend the tonfa by whipping your arms out to the side, diagonally downward.
  9. Retract both tonfa into cross-body blocks to #3 and #7, then execute a double downward strike. Retract both tonfa with vertical flips.
  10. Quickly look to #2. Step your left foot to #3, entering a left front stance facing #2 with a left rising block. Without rechambering, execute a right punch.
  11. Quickly look to #8, step your right foot to #7, entering a right front stance facing #8 with a right rising block. Without rechambering, execute a left punch.
  12. Quickly look to #1. Step your left foot to #2, entering a left front stance facing #1 with a left rising block. Execute a reverse, front-foot, and reverse punches, then extend right tonfa with a downward diagonal strike.
  13. Step your right foot to #4, entering a right front stance facing #1, with a right downward block. a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the right tonfa into a right cross-body block to #7. Extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute front-foot, reverse, and front-foot punches.
  14. Step your left foot to #6, entering a left front stance facing #1 with a front-foot punch. Extend the left tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the left tonfa into a left cross-body block to #7. Extend the left tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a left punch.
  15. Quickly look to #6. Step your right foot to #5, entering a right front stance facing #6 with a left downward block. Without rechambering, execute a right punch to #6.
  16. Quickly look to #4. Step your right foot to #3, entering a right front stance facing #4 with a right downward block. Without rechambering, execute a right punch to #4.
  17. Step your left foot to #6, entering a left front stance facing #5 with a left rising block. Execute reverse, front-foot, and reverse punches.
  18. Quickly look over your left shoulder to #1. Step your right foot to #6, twisting into a left front stance facing #1 with a double punch to the groin.
  19. Pull back into a transitional right cat stance to #1, then slide your left foot to #3. Enter a left full-side-facing with a left rising block and a right downward block to #7. Use ibuki breathing on this move.
  20. Extend the right tonfa with a figure-eight swing. Shift into a left sleeping crane stance facing #1, as you whip the right tonfa down to knee-level in a vertical strike. The tonfa’s tip points to the ground.
  21. Step your right foot to #7, entering a horse stance facing #1, retracting the right tonfa with a right cross-body block to #7.
  22. Shift into a left full-side-facing to #1 as you extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist. Shift into a right full-side-facing to #1 as you retract the tonfa with a return swing.
  23. Shift into a left full-side-facing to #1 with a right punch.
  24. Shift into a right full-side-facing to #1 with a right rising block and a left downward block to #3, Use ibuki breathing on this move.
  25. Extend the right tonfa with a figure-eight swing. Shift into a right sleeping crane stance facing #1, as you whip the left tonfa down to knee-level in a vertical strike. The tonfa’s tip points to the ground.
  26. Step your left foot to #3, entering a horse stance facing #1, retracting the left tonfa with a left cross-body block block to #3.
  27. Shift into a right full-side-facing to #1 as you extend the left tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist. Shift into a left full-side-facing to #1 as you retract the tonfa with a return swing.
  28. Shift into a right full-side-facing to #1 with a left punch.
  29. Step your right foot to #8, entering a right front stance facing #1 with front-foot, reverse, and front-foot punches. Extend the right tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the right tonfa into a right cross-body block to #7. Extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a right punch.
  30. Step your left foot to #2, entering a left front stance facing #1 with a front-foot punch. Extend the left tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the left tonfa into a left cross-body block to #3. Extend the left tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a left punch.
  31. Step your right foot to #8, entering a right front stance facing #1 with a double punch to the groin.
  32. Extend the tonfa by whipping your arms out to the side, diagonally downward.
  33. Rotate your shoulders inward, slamming the flats of the tonfa together at neck level. The tonfa should be horizontal at neck level, and with a satisfying clap.
  34. Retract the tonfa with vertical flips, into cross-body blocks to #3 and #7.
  35. Execute a double downward strike to the opponent’s collarbones, and then retract the tonfa with vertical flips.
  36. Quickly look over your right shoulder to #5. Step your left foot to #8, entering a left back stance facing #5, with a left rising block and a right downward block.
  37. Step your left foot to #6, entering a right back stance facing #5, with a right rising block and a left downward block.
  38. Step your right foot to #4, entering a right front stance facing #5 with front-foot, reverse, and front-foot punches. Extend the right tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal downward strike. Retract the right tonfa into a right cross-body block to #3. Extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing across your waist, and retracting the tonfa on the return swing. Execute a right punch.
  39. Quickly look over your right shoulder to #1. Step your left foot to #4, entering a left back stance facing #1, with a left rising block and a right downward block.
  40. Step your left foot to #2, entering a left front stance facing #1, with a double punch to the groin.
  41. Step your left foot to #3, enter a left full-side-facing with a left rising block and a right downward block to #3. Use ibuki breathing on this move.
  42. Extend your right tonfa with a figure-eight swing, followed by a diagonal overhead strike.
  43. Shift into a right full-side-facing to #1, as you retract the tonfa with a right cross-body block to #7.
  44. Shift into a left full-side-facing as you extend the right tonfa with a horizontal swing across the waist. Shift into a right full-side-facing #1 as you retract the tonfa with a return swing.
  45. Shift into a left full-side-facing to #1, with a right punch.
  46. Execute a right foot block with a double ude uke, creating a satisfying clap.
  47. Step your right foot out to #8, entering a right front stance facing #1 with a double punch to the groin.
  48. Step your left foot to #3, and enter a ready stance.
  49. Attention stance, bow.

Notes

Do not manipulate the tonfa with your wrists; there is no power behind such a technique. Instead, loosen your grip so that the tonfa freely rotates in your hand, and make large shoulder motions.

Bend your wrist into the tonfa. This presses the shaft snug against your forearm, for maximum protection.

When performing rising blocks, it is important that you keep your head nested in the crook of your elbow, or else the impact of the opponent’s attack will force you to hit yourself in the head with the tonfa handle. Also, keep your wrist higher than your elbow, to help wedge incoming blows to the side.

The first movement of a series begins with three punches.

Movements 19-23; 24-28; and 41-45 are meant to performed as one, continuous series, like Movements 5; 6 etc. They were only broken up into multiple steps to make learning easier.

Bunkai

The bunkai of this kata are just various straightforward block-counter combinations to use against attackers armed with swords or . The ibuki breathing movements are dynamic tension exercises, like in Sanchin.