Fudō-dachi, the ready stance, is a modified form of parade rest. When not engaged in any other action, students are to stand in this default position.
Your feet face straight forward. The outside edges of your feet are exactly shoulder-width apart. (That is,your feet are directly underneath your shoulders.) Your bodyweight is evenly divided between both legs. Your knees are slightly bent, not locked. Locking your knees will slow you down, since it adds an extra step (i.e., unlock knees) to anything reaction that follows. Your back is straight -- no slouching -- with your chin up. Ready stance vaguely feels like sitting on the edge of a barstool.
[photo of fudo-dachi from the front and side. use paint to draw lines to illustrate shoulder-width.]
Please note the following:
- Typically, you do step into ready stance; you snap into it using a nami ashi.
- Your hands are held in front of your hips, with your hand clenched in fists, with unturned wrists, as a sign of peaceful intent. It may seem strange for clenched fists to be a sign of peace; however, when standing in this position, you can't conceal a knife or other weapon with sleight-of-hand tricks.
[video on how to palm a knife, and how that fails in ready stance.]
- Entering a fighting stance is a clear expression of violent intentions. Attempts to negotiate a peaceful solution becomes impossible from that point on. Once you commits to attack, there is no going back. As such, entering a fighting stance is to be avoided at all costs, unless there is no alternative or means of escape.
- The element of surprise. By not standing in a typical karate stance leads the attacker to believe that you don't know karate. After the initial defense, the attacker will be stunned by the confusion over what just happened.
- Adaptability. The true strength of ready stance is that with one movement, a ready stance can become any other stance or position. Thus, you have the flexibility and freedom to assume the most appropriate position that the situation calls for. While ready stance requires making an extra movement to get into a fighting position, that motion can be uses as an evasion, adding another layer to your defense.
- Ready stance is more-or-less how people normally stand. By learning how to defend yourself from this default position, one can never be taken off-guard, because standing normally becomes your guard.
Fudō-dachi is a seemingly paradoxical name for this posture, because it directly translates as “immovable stance.” Like all paradoxes though, it is only a contradiction when viewed from the surface. "Fudō" can also mean “firmly centered,” or “securely grounded,” which it is. Also, coupled to this stance is the notion of fudōshin -- an “immovable mind” which cannot be disturbed. Fudōshin responds to any crisis a without losing composure, meeting each challenge with an icy jadedness. It is a mind that can unhesitatingly devote its full attention to anywhere it is needed, making the appropriate and correct decision without consulting the internal monologue for its approval. One goal of karate training is to develop such a mind.